Chinese is arguably one of the most complicated languages to learn. However, it is actually an interesting language to learn. That is why it is the most spoken language in the world. Now, around 1.3 billion people in the world speak Chinese.
The Chinese language dated back 6000 years ago. Its characters have evolved from traditional Chinese called 繁体 (fántǐ) to simplified Chinese called 简体 (jiǎntǐ), which is easier to learn.
Today, let’s learn about this word, 去 (qù). I will explain what is 去 (qù) is, how, and when to use it.
去 (qù) – With a Verb
去 (qù) is a Chinese verb that translates directly to “to go.”The opposite of the word 去 (qù) is 来(Lài), which direct translate “to come.” It sounds easy to understand, right? But, note that in Chinese, you can use the same word in different ways. These are some of the different meanings of the word 去 (qù).
去 (qù) – To Remove
去 (qù) can be understood as “to remove.” But it needs to be paired with characters such as 掉 (diào）or 除 (chú). For example, 去掉 (Qùdiào) or 除去 (Chùqú).
Here are some examples of sentences for 去 (qù) – “ To Remove.”
(Wǒ bǎ zàng wū qù diào le)
I removed the dirt.
(Wǒ bǎ jī shàng de máo qù diào le)
I removed the hair from the chicken.
(Wǒ bǎ tā zài míng dān shàng de míng zì chù qú le)
I removed his name from the list.
(Wǒ chù qú suǒ yǒu fán nǎo.)
I removed all troubles.
(Wǒ bǎ nà tiáo yú qù xīng le)
I removed the bad smell of the fish.
去 (qù) – To Go
去 (qù) can also be understood as “to go.” In this case, you have to pair this word with a location. Also, before the word, you can add 没 (méi) or 不 (bù) to indicate “ did not” or “don’t want” to suit your sentence.
Here are some of the examples of sentences for 去 (qù)- To Go:
(Wǒ zǒu lù qù xué xiào.)
I walked to go to the school.
(Wǒ yào qù yóu jú mǎi piào.)
I’m going to the post office to buy a ticket.
(Wǒ qù měi guó dú shū)
I went to America for my studies.
(Wǒ bù qù hǎi biān.)
I don’t go to the beach.
(Wǒ méi qù diàn yǐng yuàn.)
I did not go to the cinema.
去 (qù) – To Do
去 (qù) also means “to do.” With this meaning, you have to pair it with an action to indicate that someone is doing something. In some sentences, you have to use 做 as “do” in your sentence to make it grammatically correct.
However, in some direct translations, the sentence will still be ‘to go,’ but the meaning is actually ‘to do’ some action.
Here are some of the examples of the sentence for 去 (qù) – To Do:
(Wǒ yào qù chī fàn.)
I am going to eat.
(Wǒ yào qù tiào wǔ)
I am going to dance.
(Wǒ yào qù zhǔ fàn le.)
I am going to cook.
(Wǒ yào zuò gōng kè.)
I am going to do my homework.
(Wǒ bù huì qù mǎi cài.)
I am not going to buy groceries.
去 (qù) – With a Noun
There are some special characters that you can use with 去 (qù). It is not as common as “ to do,” “to go,” and “ to do”.
The meaning of 去世 (Qùshì) is “passed away.” As 世 (shì) meant “world,” the whole word means “out of the world.” It is used to describe when someone is passed away.
(Nà wèi lǎo tài tài qù shì le.)
That old lady passed away.
(Sān hào bìng fáng de bìng rén jīn zǎo qù shì le.)
The patient in room 3 passed away this morning.
(Jīn nián yǒu sān bǎi wàn rén qù shì le.)
There were 3 million people who passed away this year.
去年 (Qù nián)
The meaning of 去年 (Qù nián) is last year. In this word, 去 (Qù) means the past, while 年 (nián) means year. You can use it to describe what has happened in the last year or describe something about the past year.
(Wǒ qù nián shēng le hái zi.)
I had a baby last year.
(Wǒ qù nián shēng zhí le.)
I got a promotion last year.
(Tā bǎ qùnián de jiù yī diūle.)
He threw away his last year’s old clothes.
去职 (Qù zhí)
The meaning of 去职 (Qù zhí) is for one to quit his job. As in this word, 去 (Qù) means to lose, and 职 (zhí) refers to a job position. You can use this in a sentence for someone who no longer holds the job.
(Tā wèi le jiā rén qù zhí le.)
He quit his job for his family.
(Jīnnián méiyǒu rén qùzhí.)
No one has quit this year.
(Tā wèi shé me qù zhí le?)
Why did he quit his job?
去 (Qù) is a word you can use in many ways. As a beginner, you should know how to use this word as it can be helpful. It is vital, especially if you want to travel to a Chinese-speaking country, as the word 去 (Qù) can help you communicate. You can tell locals what you want to do or where you want to go.
I hope this article can help you gain more understanding of the language. Subscribe to Maayot or follow our other articles to learn more about the useful Chinese language!